In this lesson, you will learn the next four letters of the Arabic alphabet: Geem, ḥa, Kha and Dal.
In Egyptian Arabic the „geem“ letter is pronounced like „g“ in game. In other dialects it might be softened to „j“ like in jar. It is a joined letter and has a dot underneath.
The geem in isolated position:
The forms of geem in the three positions:
Words with geem in the three positions:
جـَمـَل – gamal – camel
را َجـِل – ragil / ragul – man
تـَلج – thalg – ice
The „ḥa“ is the sixth letter of the alphabet. In the pronunciation it is similar to English „h“, but much „raspier“. Imagine you are blowing on a window to steam it up – this is the sound you would make.
The ḥa in isolated position:
The ḥa in the three positions:
حـُصا َن – hosan – horse
فـَحم – faḥm – coal
تـِمسا َح – timsah – crocodile
The „kha“ is a new sound for English speakers. It is pronounced like the „j“ in the Spanish word trabajo or the „ch“ in the German word Bach.
The kha in isolated position:
The kha in the three positions:
Examples for words with kha:
خـَشـَب – khashab – wood
مـُختـَلـِف – mukhtalif – different
مـَطبـَخ – matbakh – kitchen
The „dal“ is pronounced like the „d“ in the English word dog. It is not connected with the following letter.
The dal in isolated position:
The dal in the three positions:
Examples for words with dal:
د بّ – dubb – bear (animal)
حَديقة – hadyqah – garden
يد – yad – hand
Watch also the video to this lesson in my next post:
And the handwriting practice: