Lesson 2: The Arabic Alphabet: Geem, Ḥa, Kha and Dal

In this lesson, you will learn the next four letters of the Arabic alphabet: Geem, ḥa, Kha and Dal.



In Egyptian Arabic the „geem“ letter is pronounced like „g“ in game. In other dialects it might be softened to „j“ like in jar. It is a joined letter and has a dot underneath.

The geem in isolated position:


The forms of geem in the three positions:


Words with geem in the three positions:

جـَمـَل – gamal – camel

را َجـِل – ragil / ragul – man

تـَلج – thalg – ice


The „ḥa“ is the sixth letter of the alphabet. In the pronunciation it is similar to English „h“, but much „raspier“. Imagine you are blowing on a window to steam it up – this is the sound you would make.

The ḥa in isolated position:


The ḥa in the three positions:


حـُصا َن – hosan – horse

فـَحم – fam – coal

تـِمسا َح  – timsah – crocodile



The „kha“ is a new sound for English speakers. It is pronounced like the „j“ in the Spanish word trabajo or the „ch“ in the German word Bach.

The kha in isolated position:


The kha in the three positions:


Examples for words with kha:

خـَشـَب – khashab – wood

مـُختـَلـِف – mukhtalif  – different

مـَطبـَخ – matbakh – kitchen



The „dal“ is pronounced like the „d“ in the English word dog. It is not connected with the following letter.

The dal in isolated position:


The dal in the three positions:


Examples for words with dal:

د بّ – dubb – bear (animal)

 حَديقة – hadyqah – garden

يد – yad – hand


Watch also the video to this lesson in my next post:

Video to Lesson 2

And the handwriting practice:

Lesson 2: Handwriting practice



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